Pattern Establishes Itself in the Eyes of Ibn Isḥāq
John C. Rankin
Early in Ibn Isḥāq’s narrative, we see a building pattern he embraces –
- Islām intrinsically mocks pagan gods from the outset;
- Pagans and Jews mock Islām in response;
- Muḥammad gives directives for violent responses; and
- Military war follows.
He then attributes the first hundred verses of Sūra 2 (Al Baqarah or “the cow”) to these “rabbis and hypocrites,” a Sūra that covers language in invitation to Islām, a statement of freedom from religious compulsion (2:256), but also an initial call to jihād or holy war in 2:190: “Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you.”